According to Servaas van der Berg, Nicholas Spaull, Gabrielle Wills, Martin Gustafsson & Janeli Kotzé, root causes of South Africa’s low educational outcomes, while multifaceted, generally fall into one of two categories:
- a lack of accountability
- a lack of capacity.
Apart from leadership being identified as a key issue impacting outcomes at school the researchers identified four binding constraints to improved educational outcomes for the poor:
1. Weak institutional functionality
- quality of provincial and local governance is uneven and too often of an unacceptably low standard
2. Undue union influence
- Influence exerted by trade unions, specifically the majority union SADTU, is interfering with the ability of the system to act in the best interests of children
- However, an alternative viewpoint on union influence is that unions have an important role to play in South African education and should not be dismissed as the problem. Rather, they should be engaged with positively.
3. Weak teacher content knowledge and pedagogical skill
4. Wasted learning time and insufficient opportunity to learn
Source: Identifying binding constraints in education, Department of Economics, University of Stellenbosch, 24 May 2016 -- Servaas van der Berg, Nicholas Spaull, Gabrielle Wills, Martin Gustafsson & Janeli Kotzé
Tags: School Leadership