South Africa has the highest wage inequality among the 64 countries considered in the Global Wage Report 2018/19. The report found that the country has a Gini coefficient for wage inequality of 0.63 (zero expresses perfect equality and 1 expresses maximum inequality). The report also found that globally women earn 20% less than men.
According to the Pietermaritzburg Economic Justice and Dignity Group’s latest affordability index, more than half of the South African population (55%) lives below the upper-bound poverty line (R1 227 per month in 2019) and a quarter live below the food poverty line (R561 per month in 2019). The median wage in South Africa is R3 300 and each wage supports 3.5 people, which works out to R930 per person, per month.
The Commission for Employment Equity’s 2018 annual report detailed that top management positions in the private sector were still dominated by white males, at 56%. This figure climbed to 80% in sectors like agriculture. The same report found that women held just 33% of top management positions in the public sector.
Corruption Watch’s latest Analysis of Corruption Trends Report revealed that reports of police corruption had overtaken those related to schools, health services and local government.