Policy Papers and Research
Trialogue research found that approximately 7% of CSI education spend in 2020 went towards ICT infrastructure. Bursaries, scholarships and university chairs received the majority of the spend, at 26%, followed by learner development (24%), teacher development (10%), and infrastructure, facilities and equipment (9%). This represents a 3% increase since 2019. [Read more on Trialogue's research into CSI in Education]
The following policy papers and research provide some insight into the policy framework.
Acts and Policies
Draft White Paper on e-Education: Transforming Learning and Teaching through Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs)
Published in the Government Gazette on 26 August 2004, this paper provided a framework within which government and the private sector could collaborate on the provision of ICT in education. (A correction notice was subsequently published on 2 September.)
Guidelines for Teacher Training and Professional Development in ICT
This 2007 document was one of the initiatives undertaken by the Department of Education to implement the White Paper on e-Education. It served as a step towards guiding the development of the ICT knowledge and skills of teachers to enhance the educational experiences of learners in implementing the National Curriculum Statement.
Implementation Strategy for e-Education in South Africa 2013-2025
This Department of Basic Education document, informed by the White Paper on e-Education 2004, sets out how to achieve the implementation of the strategic objectives of the White Paper up to 2025. The proposed outcome is integrating ICT into all levels of the education and training system to improve the quality of teaching and learning.
In 2015, Operation Phakisa, a national vision for ICT in education, was implemented by the Department of Basic Education (DBE), focusing on five work streams: Connectivity, devices, teacher professional development, digital content development and distribution, and e-administration. Operation Phakisa is making strides in ICT in education.
South African Research
Integration of ICT into Curricula in Western Cape Schools
Integration of ICTs in marginalised schools in South Africa
Practice as policy in ICT for education
A snapshot survey of ICT integration in South African schools
This 2017 research article argues that ICT integration in education in South Africa has been severely limited by operational, strategic and pedagogic challenges. Addressing these challenges involves understanding the current landscape of ICT integration in schools. The article explains that technology uptake remains low – on average, the frequency of usage per tool type was: contextual tools (41%), sharing information and ideas tools (29%), experiential tools (26%) and reflective dialogue tools (18%).
How science teachers use ICT in developing countries
ICTs for education in Africa
ICT has been used in many parts of the world to improve the quality of, and increase access to, education. However, most African countries still face the challenge that increased expenditure on education has not achieved the expected benefits. This report by the World Bank examines how ICTs can be used to transform the education sector in Africa.
Read more: Policy Papers and Research