Safety and Security: National Context

  • The Peace and Security budget for 2018/19 was R200 billion, constituting 12% of the total national budget. Police services received nearly half of the budget, at R99 billion.

  • South Africa’s police to population ratio has widened – from one police officer to 347 civilians in 2016, to one police officer to 369 civilians in 2018.

  • Social Justice Coalition (SJC), Equal Education and the Nyanga Community Police Forum are advocating
    for equal distribution of police officers, arguing that the allocation of police resources by the South African Police Service (SAPS) unintentionally discriminates against poor, black communities in favour of rich, white communities. According to SJC research, 2017 SAPS data showed that Nyanga (known as the murder capital
    of South Africa) with a population of 202 332, only had 325 police officers (161 police officers per 100 000 civilians), while the affluent suburb of Sea Point, with a population of just 24 808 people, had 161 police officers (649 police officers per 100 000 civilians).

  • According to the National Institute for Crime Prevention and the Reintegration of Offenders, recidivism rates in South Africa are as high as 90%, with many offenders returning to prison in under a year because they are unable to successfully reintegrate into society.

  • According to the 2016 Optimus Study on Child Abuse, Violence and Neglect in South Africa, 35% of children experienced some form of sexual abuse, 35% of children experienced physical violence, 26% experienced emotional abuse and 15% experienced neglect.