Employment models are social enterprises that have been set up specifically in order to employ certain individuals or groups of individuals who are otherwise disadvantaged or who would struggle to enter the job market.
Fee for Service social enterprises sell products that are socially and/or environmentally useful. Often these social enterprises have innovated to provide goods or services at a much cheaper price in order to be accessible to people at the base of the pyramid.
Social enterprises who are selling products (goods and services) usually unrelated to their social mission follow a model of cross subsidisation. They use the profits to subsidise social programmes run by them, or give the profits to another charity/NGO. One for One models are also examples of cross subsidisation (where a customer buys a product and another is donated to a person who can’t afford to pay).
Ground Up is an example of a social franchise model of social enterprise. This includes a training and skills development component, as well as an income generation and enterprise development component.