Housing and living conditions

National Context in Housing and Living Conditions

national context in housing and living conditions image

● The budget for Human Settlement and Municipal Infrastructure increased by 9%, from R179 billion in
2016/17, to R195 billion in 2017/18.
● National Treasury allocated R114.8 billion to subsidised public housing over the next three years.
● According to the Department of Human Settlements, government delivered more than 4.3 million
houses and subsidies from 1994 to 2016, benefiting more than 20 million South Africans. The
Department aims to deliver over 1.5 million housing opportunities by 2019, as prescribed in the
2014–2019 Medium Term Strategic Framework. Furthermore, the Department seeks to ensure that poor
households have access to adequate housing in better living environments.
● In 2016, the Minister of Human Settlements confirmed South Africa’s housing backlog at 2.1 million
houses; up from the initial estimated figure of 1.9 million. This backlog is thought to have been
exacerbated by rapid urbanisation.
● According to the World Bank, in 2016, South Africa’s rural population consisted of approximately 35%
of the total population.
● The General Household Survey, 2016 showed that more than three-quarters (80%) of South African
households were in formal dwellings, 14% in informal dwellings, and 6% in traditional dwellings.
The North West and Gauteng had the highest proportion of informal dwellings, at 21% and 20%
● The survey found that 13% of South African households were living in ‘RDP’ or state-subsidised
dwellings. This is an increase from 5% in 2002. A slightly higher percentage of female-headed
households (16.9%) than male-headed household (11%) were living in these dwellings.
● The proportion of households connected to electricity supply from the mains increased by 9%, from
77% in 2002, to 84% in 2016, according to the survey.
● The survey also showed that, while 89% of South African households had access to piped water in
2016, this was true for fewer households in Limpopo (75%) and the Eastern Cape (76%).
● Access to improved sanitation facilities increased, from 62% of households in 2002, to 81% in 2016.

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