Health

National Context in Health

national context in health image
 
● Government’s health budget increased by 11%, from R168 billion in 2016, to R187 billion in 2017.
● Stats SA’s mid-year population estimates show a decrease in infant mortality, from 34.4 per 1 000 live
births in 2015, to 33.7 per 1 000 live births in 2016.
● The same mid-year population estimates show an increase in the number of people with HIV, from
4.72 million in 2003 to 7.03 million by 2016.
● A South African National Aids Council (SANAC) report titled, Let our actions count – South African
National Strategic Plan on HIV, TB and STIs 2017–2022 indicates that deaths due to HIV dropped by
78%, from 681 434 in 2006, to approximately 150 375 in 2016. Deaths due to tuberculosis (TB)
dropped by 46%, from 69 916 in 2009, to 37 878 in 2015.
● The same SANAC report found TB to be the leading cause of death in South Africa, accounting for
8.4% of all natural deaths in 2015.
● The latest statistics from the World Health Organisation showed that South Africa’s doctor to patient
ratio had hardly changed, from 0.78 per 1 000 patients in 2013, to 0.77 per 1 000 patients in 2015;
lower than in most other BRICS countries (Brazil: 1.9 per 1 000 people, Russia: 3.3 per 1 000 people
and China: 1.5 per 1 000 people).
● According to Moneyweb and the South African Nursing Council, in 2016, there were approximately
five nurses per 1 000 people.
● Based on the General Household Survey, 2016, the number of South Africans covered by medical aid
increased by 30%, from 7.3 million in 2002, to 9.5 million in 2016 (17% of South Africans).
● A report by Khulumani Support Group, titled Structure of the Health System in South Africa, shows that
in 2015, South Africa had 4 200 public health facilities. On average, each clinic catered for 13 718
people, which exceeds the World Health Organisation’s guidelines of 10 000 per clinic.

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