Food security and agriculture

National Context in Food Security and Agriculture

national context in food security and agriculture image

● The 2017 national budget for agriculture, rural development and land reform remained steady, at
R26 billion.
● According to agricultural industry association, AgriSA, South Africa remains a nett food exporter
despite having been severely affected by drought since 2015. The value of the country’s agricultural
exports was R83 billion in 2015/16.
● The General Household Survey, 2016 shows that the proportion of South African households with
inadequate or severely inadequate access to food decreased, from 24% in 2010, to 22% in 2016.
During the same period, the proportion of households that skipped a meal halved, from 24%, to 12%.
The percentage of the population that was food insecure or vulnerable to hunger fell from 29% in
2002, to 13% in 2015. Most of the decline occurred from 2002 to 2007.
● According to the same survey, only 15% of South African households were involved in agricultural
production. Of this 15%, most (93%) had created backyard gardens.
● Based on the Quarterly Labour Force Survey, Quarter 2: 2017, the number of people employed in the
agricultural sector increased by 1%, from 825 000 in June 2016, to 835 000 in June 2017.
● Stats SA data from 2013 showed that the hunger rate for school-goers was 13%. South Africa’s
National School Nutrition Programme, administered by the Department of Basic Education, is
currently targeting this group by providing daily meals to learners in poorer schools. In 2014/15, the
programme fed an estimated 9.2 million learners in 19 800 schools across the country.
● According to Trading Economics, South Africa’s food inflation averaged 7% from 2009 until 2017.