In addition to the one percentage point VAT increase, South Africa also experienced considerable fuel hikes in 2018. Economists estimate that 80% of food in South Africa is transported by road and, according to the PACSA monthly food price barometer: April 2018, the cost of a food basket for a family of seven people increased from R2 886 in September 2017, to R3 144 in April 2018.
According to The Economist’s Global Food Security Index 2017, a measurement tool that reports on the affordability, availability and quality of food accessible to the population, South Africa ranked 44 out of
113 countries surveyed. The scorecard focuses on criteria such as the presence of food safety net programmes, nutritional standards, food safety, food loss, agricultural import tariffs, volatility of agricultural production,
food consumption as a share of household expenditure and access to farmer financing.
In 2017, the Children’s Institute at the University of Cape Town reported that 5.5 million children in South Africa – around 30% – suffer from hunger-related issues.