Environment

national context in environment image

● According to National Treasury, the amount allocated to the Department of Environmental Affairs
increased, from R6.4 billion in 2016/17, to R6.8 billion in 2017/18.
● According to a 2017 World Wildlife Fund SA and Boston Consulting Group report, titled Scenarios for
the Future of Water in South Africa, the country is expected to face a water deficit of 17% by 2030, and
climate change will likely worsen the situation.
● Based on the Department of Energy’s 2015 Energy Advocacy report, titled South Africa’s Energy
Situation, industry is a major consumer of energy, with annual consumption at 60% of South Africa’s
total demand.
● In 2016, after 10 years of operation, the Green Building Council of South Africa (GBCSA) announced
that the total number of buildings rated with Green Star SA certifications hit the 200 mark. GBCSA’s
rating systems provide guidance on green measures that can be used in the design, construction
and management of a building, to make it more sustainable.
● According to the 2011 National Waste Information Baseline study, only 10% of waste generated in
South Africa is recycled annually.
● According to the Paper Recycling Association of South Africa (PRASA), the country successfully
diverted 1.4 million tons of recyclable paper from landfill in 2016. The annual paper recovery rate is
68%, which surpasses the global average of 58%.
● PRASA also indicated that around 11% of people claim to recycle all the time. Furthermore, paper
recycling creates meaningful employment for around 37 000 people.
● Based on South Africa’s latest red list for plants, over a quarter (26%) of the country’s flora is either
threatened with extinction, or is of conservation concern.
● The latest red list for animal species also shows that almost 20% of South Africa’s mammal species are
either critically endangered, endangered, or vulnerable.
Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme (REIPPPP), 2011
This programme aims to stimulate the renewable industry in South Africa while encouraging foreign
investment in the sector, and developing socioeconomic and environmentally sustainable growth. It
addresses energy security and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and includes a number of
prescriptions to ensure local community ownership and socioeconomic development in the vicinity of
the renewable energy power plants.
 
National Waste Management Strategy, 2011
This strategy seeks to systematically improve waste management in South Africa and aims to achieve the
objectives of the 2008 Waste Act: “to protect health, wellbeing and the environment through sound waste
management and application of the waste management hierarchy”.
 
National Water Resource Strategy Plan, 2013
This strategy aims to ensure equitable access to, and use of water by, all South Africans, while sustaining
the country’s water resource. It responds to priorities set in the National Development Plan and National
Water Act, that support sustainable development. It proposes measures such as water conservation and
water demand management, further utilisation of groundwater, desalination, water reuse, rainwater
harvesting and treated acid mine drainage.
 
National Coastal Management Programme of South Africa, 2014
The overall goal of this policy is to ensure integrated coastal management, so as to improve the quality of
life of human communities who depend on coastal resources, while maintaining the biological diversity and
productivity of coastal ecosystems. Emphasis is on uniting government and the community, science and
management, sectoral and public interests in preparing and implementing an integrated plan.
 
National Integrated Energy Plan, 2015
This plan seeks to ensure efficient use of and sustainable access to energy, as well as to promote job
creation. It analyses current energy consumption trends within different sectors of the economy (i.e.
agriculture, commerce, residential and transport) and uses this to project future energy requirements,
based on different scenarios. It then determines the optimal combination of energy sources and
technologies to meet identified needs in the most cost-effective manner. The plan will be reviewed
periodically to consider changes in the macroeconomic environment, developments in new technologies
and changes in national priorities and imperatives.
 
National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, 2016
The vision of this plan is to conserve, manage and sustainably use biodiversity to ensure equitable
benefits to all South Africans, now and in the future. It is in place for a 10-year period, from 2015 to 2025,
and integrates obligations under the convention on biological diversity with the global and national
development frameworks.
● Support for environmental activities should be considered part of an integrated sustainable
development response, in which reducing poverty and protecting natural resources are considered
together. Frequently, a project that serves an environmental agenda can also have measurable social
benefits. Funders should therefore support win-win approaches, whereby projects to protect the
environment also support livelihood strategies and bring social benefits to local communities.
 
● When considering environmental projects, choose to support those that acknowledge the importance
of engaging the local community up front and securing its support, commitment to, and ownership
of the project.
 
● Environmental programmes benefit from including an educational component to ensure that communities – particularly the younger generation – understand, endorse and support conservation measures.
 
● Consider initiatives that integrate conservation measures into local economic development. In rural
areas particularly, funders can help to nurture an emerging biodiversity economy by supporting
microenterprises that enhance biodiversity resources.
 
● As with all programmes, the impact is greater when funders contribute within their sphere of
influence and understanding. Focusing on issues that can be closely linked to the values of your
business is likely to be more effective than offering support to a random cause.

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